C20 was invited to present to the 1st G20 Employment Working Group (EWG) on 25 February 2019 in Tokyo, Japan.
Kaori Kuroda, on behalf of C20 Labour, Business & Human Rights (LBHR) Working Group and Gender Working Group presented for the topics of 1) Demographic Change, 2) Gender Equality, 3) New Forms of Work, and 4) Labour and Responsible Business Conduct. Yuka Iwatsuki, C20 Chair, Osamu Nakano, LBHR WG, and Yukiko Oda, C20 Gender WG, attended the meeting.
Key recommendations are as follows:
- Develop policies and legal environment aimed at promoting civil society organizations (e.g., cooperatives, non-profit organizations, other social economy enterprises, etc.) for providing the elderly with decent work/decent job opportunities.
- Develop regional, sustainable “symbiotic society” centered on decent work for all.
- Ensure that actions to increase the labour market participation of older people recognize, reduce and redistribute the disproportionate amount of unpaid care and work undertaken by older women.
- Provide minimum income support to older women through universal non-contributory social pensions and by recognising women’s unpaid care work when calculating contributory pensions.
- Invest in national care infrastructure (including by supporting CSOs to provide care services) that meets the needs of careers and those in their care, and complies with principles for decent work.
Inclusive labour market participation for decent work
- Develop and implement an Implementation Plan to reduce the gender gap in labour market participation by 25% by 2025 as agreed at the G20 Brisbane Summit 2014. Policies and initiatives must:
- have a specific focus on decent work (including equality in wages; stable, paid and formal employment; and social protection) and
- apply an intersectional approach, leaving no one behind.
Harmful gender norms and stereotypes and intersectional discrimination
- Ensure that initiatives in the implementation Plan address the root causes of economic inequality, including harmful gender roles and intersectional discrimination.
Violence and harassment in the work place
- Prevent, respond to, and monitor violence against women and LGBTQI people, collaborating with grassroots movements and organizations to scale up their best practices, and voting to adopt the ILO Convention and Recommendation on Violence and Harassment in the World of Work at the International Labour Conference in June 2019;
Recognize, reduce and redistribute unpaid work and care:
- Increase investment in accessible and quality care services, universal social protection, and in technologies and infrastructure that supports women’s safe access to economic opportunities and reduces the time women spend providing care and carrying out domestic labour. Special consideration must be paid to the needs of older women’s unpaid care and work.
New Forms of Work
- Promote inclusiveness and diversity in the working environment for the freelance/temporary workers including foreign/migrant workers by supporting civil society organizations.
- New forms of work like the gig economy will provide opportunities but at the same time may pose a risk with lack of social protection. This is especially a concern for women, where access to maternity leave and job protection are critical to advancing women’s economic empowerment. Policies must be in place to ensure social protection for everyone in new forms of work.
- Legal and social protection framework should be developed for the informal economy workers.
- Address the gender digital divide to ensure women’s financial inclusion and prevent growing inequalities in job opportunities and wages, with particular consideration of the needs of older women.
- Promote women and girl’s participation in STEM education to ensure they can take full advantage of new forms of work.
Labour and Responsible Business Conduct
- Take immediate and effective measures to eradicate and prevent child labour, forced labour, human trafficking and modern slavery in the world of work as was agreed upon in Hamburg and Buenos Aires leader’s declaration and in 2018 Labour and Employment Minister’s Declaration.
- Allocate time for countries to report progress according to this strategy in the process of G20
- Require mandatory due diligence and transparency throughout global supply chain
- Implement the UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights and develop substantive National Action Plans (NAPs) on the implementation of these principles (C20 Germany)
- Accede to the OECD Guidelines on Multinational Enterprises, ensure that their National Contact Point (NCP) system is capable of delivering effective remedy (C20 Germany)
- Guarantee labor and social protection in the context of new and disruptive technologies of production (C20 Argentina)
Some governments strongly supported C20’s recommendations on Responsible Business Conduct in global supply chain.
EWG C20 Integrated_0225_2019
You can read the purpose of each working group through the following link: